Nobel Luminaries

Welcome to “Nobel Luminaries” – the online encyclopedia for Jewish Nobel Prize Laureates. The site is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Ely Ben-Gal Z”L, initiator and editor of the encyclopedia, a co-founder and chief historian of Beit Hatfutsot.

Advised by the late Prof. Yeshayahu Leibowitz, Ely Ben-Gal produced the encyclopedia during the 1990’s

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Harry Kroto

25 years ago, Harry Kroto discovered a carbon structure he chose to name buckyball, because of its soccer ball shape. However the official name was Fullerene, in honor of the gigantic domes planned by Buckminster Fuller. Buckminsterfullerene   (or   buckyball) is a spherical  F ullerene   molecule with the formula C 60 . It has a ...

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Schekman Randy

Did you ever stand near the luggage conveyor at the airport, waiting for your suitcase, and waiting… and yet still waiting? This is so annoying, and trying to locate the lost luggage within that complex system can be very frustrating. Now imagine that instead of suits, dresses, and your favorite boots, your suitcase contains emotions, memories, ...

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Baeyer Adolph Von

Adolph Von Baeyer was born in 1835 in Berlin. He received the 1905 Nobel prize in chemistry for advancing "organic chemistry and the chemical industry, through his work on organic dyes and hydro-aromatic compound." Adolph Von Baeyer passed away in 1917.

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Dr. Eli Ben Gal late

This site is dedicated to the bright memory of Dr. Eli Ben Gal Z”L, who initiated and produced the “Jewish Nobel Luminaries” encyclopedia. Dr. Eli Ben-Gal was among the founders of Beit Hatfutsot in 1978 and served as chief historian of the museum for 20 years.

Historian Dr. Eli Ben Gal (1935 – 2015) was born in France to an assimilated Jewish family. During the Holocaust his entire family went into hiding…