Nobel Luminaries

Welcome to “Nobel Luminaries” – the online encyclopedia for Jewish Nobel Prize Laureates. The site is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Ely Ben-Gal Z”L, initiator and editor of the encyclopedia, a co-founder and chief historian of Beit Hatfutsot.

Advised by the late Prof. Yeshayahu Leibowitz, Ely Ben-Gal produced the encyclopedia during the 1990’s

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Merton Miller

A genius is someone who is able to – a simple explanation to a complicated issue. How then would you call someone who managed to simplify an economic theory and at the same time make us want to order pizza? A genius is someone who is able to – a simple explanation to a complicated issue. How then would you call someone who managed to simplify ...

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Friedman Milton

Milton Friedman was born in the United States of America in 1912. He received the 1976 Nobel prize in the economic sciences, "for his achievements in the fields of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilization policy." Friedman believes that a free market, operating without ...

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David Gross

David Gross was fascinated by the mysterious world of physics since childhood. He was enchanted by the evolution of riddles, and how from cracking one riddle, yet another one emerges. When he received his doctorate degree from Harvard University, he was challenged with the following riddle: I am whimsical, no one has ever seen me but I am the ...

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Dr. Eli Ben Gal late

This site is dedicated to the bright memory of Dr. Eli Ben Gal Z”L, who initiated and produced the “Jewish Nobel Luminaries” encyclopedia. Dr. Eli Ben-Gal was among the founders of Beit Hatfutsot in 1978 and served as chief historian of the museum for 20 years.

Historian Dr. Eli Ben Gal (1935 – 2015) was born in France to an assimilated Jewish family. During the Holocaust his entire family went into hiding…